Transitions – gluing the language together

transitions-glue

Transitions (also known as connectors or linking words)  make the language more logical and fluent. There are many transitions besides the well-known and overused «and», «but» and «because». Try to vary your language by including many different ones.

Don’t start sentences with AND, BUT, THEN or BECAUSE! Use these alternatives.

Those followed by a comma are followed by a comma. Those with capital letter are normally in the start of a  sentence. Don’t use one of these if you have never seen it before. Google it and see how it is used in real sentences.

Norwegian

 English

Ett av flere argumenter/poenger One of several arguments/points
For det første First
First of all,
Et viktig argument/poeng er… One important argument/point is that…
Ett poeng er at…. /For det første For one thing,
Mer av det samme More of the same
For det andre, (tredje) Second (Third)
Et annet poeng er at.. Another point is that…
Et annet argument er at… Another argument is that..
også also (normally not at the start of sentences)
Dessuten Besides,
I tillegg, dessuten Furthermore, Moreover, In addition (to this/that),
(the last one used less than Norw. “I tillegg til”)
Motsatt The opposite
Skjønt/ selv om although, though
imidlertid however,
Ikke desto mindre, likevel Nevertheless,
På tross av… despite…*

in spite of…*

På den annen side On the other hand,

At the same time

Når det er sagt That being said, That said,
likevel Still, yet
faktisk Actually, In fact,
Likevel, Ikke desto mindre Nevertheless,
Årsak og virkning Cause and effect
Fordi because (don’t use at the start of sentences!)
so
Som et resultat av det, dermed As a result,
Dermed, derfor thus,
Derfor, derav hence
Følgelig, derfor Consequently,
Derfor, Therefore, (used less than Norwegian “derfor”)
Av denne grunn, For this reason,
Grunnet…, på grunn av… because of…*

due to…*

Siden… Since
Eksempler, utbrodering Examples, eleboration
For eksempel for example,
For eksempel for instance (short form: “e.g.”)
faktisk in fact,
Mer spesifikt, nærmere bestemt specifically
Ett poeng er at…. for eksempel for one thing,
For det første/ andre/ tredje First, second, third,
Det vil si that is,
Sammenligning Comparison
Også also
På samme måte… in the same manner/ way,
På lignende måte… Similarly,
Whereas …. Mens….
Å oppsummere eller konkludere To summarize or conclude:
Alt i alt, i det hele tatt all in all,
For å konkludere In conclusion,
Med andre ord In other words,
Generelt sett On the whole,
Dermed Therefore, Hence,
I det hele tatt, for å oppsummere To sum up,
Uansett In any case, Anyway,
Poenget er at.. The point is that..

The thing is that…

Tid Time
Så/ da…(noe som er senere/ det neste som skjer) Afterwards, later (on), subsequently.

then (normally not at the start of sentences)

Da (akkurat da) That’s when
Senere Eventually, later,
Før (dette) Before.., prior to*,
Før (dette skjedde) Before…, previously,
Til slutt Finally, eventually ,
Imens In the meantime, meanwhile,
mens While, whilst,

 

Instant improvement of dull, simple, oral-like language (examples):

But there was a problem. However, there was a problem.

There was a problem, however.

He was considered one of the best looking boys in school. And he was very smart. (…) Moreover, he was very intelligent.
But he managed to finish the exam anyway. He nevertheless managed to complete the exam.
He seemed to be a normal person. But he was quite strange. While he seemed to be a perfectly normal person, he nevertheless had quite a few peculiarities.
That’s why many people didn’t like it. Hence, many people didn’t like it.
So there was a problem Thus, there was a problem. (or hence, in other words.)
He was very popular with the ladies. Because he made lots of money. He was very popular with the ladies, because he made lots of money.
He was very popular with the ladies due to his wealth.
Then it all went wrong. That’s when it all went wrong
Then Keith Brown left the company. Keith Brown subsequently left the company.

 

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