Engelsk / The American political system

The American political system

inauguration flags.jpg

Similarities and diffferences between the United States and Norway

Confusing? Click here for Norwegian/ English easy version.

Vocabulary American political system

The US and Norway are both democracies. Americans and Norwegians both enjoy right and freedoms such as freedom of speech, and rule of law. In general, though, the two countries are very different.

For starters, the United States is just sort of a lot bigger. It covers most of a continent. We Norwegians tend to think that both the USA and Norway are «countries», with a flag, a capital city and a government. However, the United States is actually more like a lot of countries, 50 countries to be precise. They are sometimes ruled as a single country, but not always. It is called «the United States» for a reason.

  • Each state has its own
    – executive branch: the Governor
    – legislative branch: the State Legislature (like a parliament)
    – judiciary: State Supreme Court
  • A lot of laws are state laws (i.e. they only apply in one state)
  • Norway would be one of the smaller states if we were part of the USA. 24 of the states have a bigger population than Norway.
  • Check this out: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_U.S._states_and_territories_by_population

So what does «executive», «legislative» and «judiciary» mean, again? Click here for a word list.

norway vs. usa

Source: slowtrav.com

How the federal Government works

The President of the USA is called the most powerful man in the world, but he does definitely not have all power in the USA.

The President of the USA is called the most powerful man in the world, but he does definitely not have all power in the USA.

The government based in Washington DC, the one that governs the things that apply to the whole of the USA and USA as a country in the world,  is called the federal Government.

 

It consists of:

– executive branch: the President and his Cabinet
– legislative branch: the Congress (divided into Senate and House of Representatives)
– judicial branch: Supreme Court of the United States

These three «branches» control each other in various ways. These mechanisms are known as the «checks and balances. It looks like this:

The three powers of Government control each other in various ways so that no one "branch" gets too powerful

Source: www.study.com

This is a little animated clip that tries to explain how the federal government works:

The differences and similarities between the political systems of Norway and the United States can be summed up in this Venn diagram (click to zoom):

venn_diagram_us_norway.2015 231318

TASK: Write a text which compares the two systems of government, using this diagram and the comparing and contrasting words found on this page (about.com).

 

Here is a much heavier explanation from Wikipedia (click to zoom).

2000px-Political_System_of_the_United_States.svg

 

Still a bit confused? Click here for Norwegian/ English easy version.

Vocabulary American political system

Written by Haavard Pettersen

Pictures sources:

Slowtrav.com

Abcnews.com

Wikipedia.org

Study.com


 

 

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